The 15-year conflict from 1977-1992, and drought in some regions, caused significant migration to coastal and urban areas, which have continued to grow by more than four per cent per year although the war ended 20 years ago. Many people from rural areas joined other family members in the cities, thus expanding the overcrowded peri-urban areas. This trend is slowly being reversed through the development of amenities in rural areas as well as programmes to help families to resettle in their home areas. Although slum areas have increased slightly as a proportion of urban population, the pressure on urban amenities is largely due to the general increase in urban population.
From collection: Zambezi River Basin - Atlas of the changing Environment