National policies to prevent marine litter and plastic pollution can support the implementation of the waste hierarchy, targeting prevention; minimization; reuse; recycling; other recovery, including energy recovery; and final disposal.
Eco-design is a key component of effective waste management (Basel Convention 2019b). Where products are designed for reuse and repair, the rate of waste generation can be reduced. Per capita consumption can also be reduced through product taxes, commonly applied to the producer that places the product on the market, or to the consumer at the point of sale. Reuse can be implemented through systems of return, thereby reducing consumption of new products. Similarly to reuse, promoting design for repair may require restructuring of current processes.
From collection: Drowning in Plastics: Marine Litter and Plastic Waste Vital Graphics