The Arctic is home to just over 4 million people. Around 10 per cent of the population are Indigenous Peoples with many different cultures and languages. The Arctic economy serves two different markets. It produces minerals, oil and natural gas, fish and timber for the international market. The local economy is largely based on the public sector, which provides jobs and services to local residents. It also includes traditional activities like fishing, hunting, herding and gathering. These provide local consumption and support the vital cultural traditions of Arctic peoples. The range of activities means the socioeconomic effects of rapid change affect people in the Arctic in different ways. The responses to the challenges facing the region must be inclusive and tailored to particular circumstances.
US Census Bureau and US Department of Commerce; Statistics Canada; Statistics Greenland; Statistics Faroe Islands; Statistics Iceland; Statistics Norway; Statistics Sweden; Statistics Finland; Russian Federal State Statistics Service; United States Geological Survey (USGS); Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP); Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF); US Energy Information Administration (EIA); International Energy Agency (IEA); Barents Euro–Arctic Council (BEAC); Comité professionnel du pétrole (CPDP); Institut français du pétrole (IFP); OpenStreetMap; United Nations Population Information Network (POPIN); Petroleum Economist.
From collection: Global linkages – a graphic look at the changing Arctic (rev.1)