This CEA treats sewer wastewater (from domestic and possibly industrial sources) to meet quality standards, allowing the treated wastewater to be safely used for irrigation, taking advantage of the available nutrients. It is the most common CEA in Africa.
The wastewater treatment and reuse components could be managed by the same parties. Alternatively, responsibilities for wastewater transport, treatment and reuse could be shared between different stakeholders, be they public or private.
From collection: Sanitation and Wastewater Atlas of Africa - Circular Economy