High unemployment is one of the driving forces behind the degradation of ecosystems in the region. Upon the break-up of the Soviet Union the situation worsened as the economy was restructured. After almost two decades the situation has improved - a number of industries successfully restarted their operations and small businesses boomed up in cities and countryside. However, the unemployment rate, especially in some provinces in Russia, Georgia and Armenia still remains very high.
From collection: Caucasus ecoregion - Environment and human development issues