Over the recent number of years, as the economy came to a standstill, individual farms have replaced collective farming and subsistence agriculture and livestock breeding (cattle, sheep and goat) have became common. Along with the increase in farming, more and more land has been used as pasture land. Despite their low productivity, high Mountain areas are increasingly used as pasture grounds for sheep - leading to soil erosion and evoking avalanches and mud-slides. The mountainous shrublands of the Araks basin are extensively irrigated and contribute to soil degradation and the loss of biodiversity. This map presents the distribution and density of pig farming in the region.
From collection: Caucasus ecoregion - Environment and human development issues