Net present value (NPV) is in millions of USD over a 30-year period (2000-2030) at a 4% discount rate. The NPV for local communities under a deforestation scenario would be 3,132 million USD and under a conservation scenario 5,341 million USD. The analysis shows that the local community would benefit most from a scenario under which the forest is conserved, negative effects on ecosystem services are avoided and payments for ecosystem services are realized. Industry would gain most under a business-as-usual scenario, while local and national government benefits do not differ much for the two scenarios.
From collection: Orangutans and the Economics of Sustainable Forest Management in Sumatra
Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal