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Sanitation and Wastewater Atlas of Africa - Human Health

Contaminated water and poor sanitation are linked to the transmission of many preventable diseases, the most common of which are diarrhoeal diseases. Diarrhoea is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in children under the age of five, and the leading cause of death in subSaharan Africa (SSA) (Global Burden of Disease [GBD] 2016; Prüss-Ustün et al. 2014). Repeated childhood diarrhoeal infections have been associated with growth and cognitive impairment and early death (Mokomane et al. 2018). Research indicates that four pathogens are responsible for the majority of moderate-to-severe diarrhoea cases. These are Rotavirus, Cryptosporidium spp., Shigella spp. and Escherichia coli, all of which are largely preventable with improved water, sanitation and hygiene (Kotloff et al. 2013).

Year: 2021

Tags: Africa sanitation wastewater

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