Population distribution is uneven in the basin, with large areas uninhabited and reserved for wildlife. In 1998, the average population density in the basin was 24 people per sq km, and this increased to 28.75 people per sq km in 2005 before reaching 30.26 people per sq km in 2008 (Chenje 2000; SARDC and HBS 2010). There are disparities in population densities between countries in the basin, with Malawi being the most densely populated country. In 2008 Malawi’s population density was 125.3 people per sq km. Tanzania had 45 people per sq km, Zimbabwe had 31.9, and Zambia had 16.8 (UN Statistics Division 2011). In 1998 Malawi had an average of 105 people per sq km; Tanzania had 36; Zimbabwe had 28.5; and Zambia had 13 (Chenje 2000).
From collection: Zambezi River Basin - Atlas of the changing Environment