Total Area of Country: 581 730 sq km Portion of Country within Zambezi Basin: 19 100 sq km (3.3 %) National Population in 2010: 1.8 million Portion of National Population within Zambezi Basin: 13 140 (0.73%) Botswana is a semi-arid landlocked country situated on the central plateau of southern Africa, and encompasses most of the Kgalagadi Desert. The country receives little rainfall, experiences frequent droughts, and imports most food and other products. About 95 per cent of all surface water resources in Botswana is concentrated in the northwest corner of the country around the Okavango Delta, while the majority of the population lives in the southeast (UNEP 2008). Cattle ranching was the mainstay of Botswana’s economy until after independence from Britain in 1966, and since the discovery of diamonds in the 1970s, mining has become the largest economic sector, with a large portion of the national budget still drawn from customs revenue through the Southern African Customs Union (SACU).
From collection: Zambezi River Basin - Atlas of the changing Environment