Total Area of Country: 945 087 sq km Portion of Country within Zambezi Basin: 27 300 (2.9%) National Population in 2010: 42 million Portion of National Population within Zambezi Basin: 1 646 400 (03.92%) The United Republic of Tanzania, made up of mainland Tanganyika and the islands of Zanzibar, is surrounded by several large bodies of water including 1 300 km of coastline on the Indian Ocean and 2 375 km of shoreline along Africa’s three largest lakes: Tanganyika, Victoria, and Nyasa (UNEP 2008). The economy is based on agriculture, which accounts for more than half of GDP, provides 75 per cent of exports, and employs about 75 per cent of the workforce. The major limitation for cultivation is topography and climate. Tourism is another significant contributor to GDP, as is the mining sector.
From collection: Zambezi River Basin - Atlas of the changing Environment