The Zambezi basin has several large transboundary protected areas where two or more countries participate in managing shared natural resources. The creation of Trans Frontier Conservation Areas (TFCAs) in the basin is regarded as one of the anchors for regional economic integration, socio-economic development and poverty reduction through multi-destination and crossborder tourism (SADC and SARDC 2008). The TFCAs in the Zambezi basin are at different stages of development with some Memoranda of Understanding (MOU) signed to facilitate their establishment while other conservation agreements still at the conceptual phase. Among those with MOUs in the Zambezi River Basin are Kavango-Zambezi TFCA, covering Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe and the Malawi-Zambia TFCA. Those still at conceptual phase include the ZIMOZA covering areas in Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Zambia; the Selous-Niassa TFCA, covering parts of Mozambique and Tanzania; the Lower Zambezi-Mana Pools between Zambia and Zimbabwe; and the Liuwa Plain-Kameia TFCA which includes areas in Angola and Zambia.
From collection: Zambezi River Basin - Atlas of the changing Environment