Offshore wind, currently around 3000 MW, has mainly been concentrated in northern European countries, around the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. Europe’s leadership is primarily attributed to public policy and a thriving wind energy industry. EU legislation mandates significant reductions of carbon emission, requiring, among other measures, greater usage of renewable energy resources. As of 2011, around 69 wind farms were installed or under construction in the EU. Europe has a total offshore wind-energy generation capacity of is 3000 MW (EAI). Other countries worldwide are also exploring offshore renewable energy including the Japan, USA, India and Eastern and Southern Africa (Wilhelmsson, et al., 2010).
From collection: Green Economy in a Blue World - Full Report