Mountains provide a number of ecosystem goods and services for both upstream communities and downstream users.
In mountain ecosystems, the need for water is often a cause for concern, both in upstream and downstream locations. In many places, water availability and management has an increased focus due to the prognosis for climate-induced changes. to water production in mountain regions. Very small temperature changes can lead to very large changes in water volume, both in the short term (such as extreme events) and across seasons (for example if precipitation that in past years has fallen as snow and been stored in the snowpack/glaciers, instead falls as rain and flows downstream immediately).
From collection: Incentives for Ecosystem Services (IES) in the Himalayas
Nieves Lopez Izquierdo