How IES works in watersheds (adapted from Smith et al., 2013).
IES incentives are intended to support the livelihoods of those who manage or maintain these ecosystem services. However, if approached solely as a financial mechanism, numerous unintended and negative consequences for both communities and ecosystems can occur. Therefore, a well-designed IES system 1) accounts for benefits to both ecosystems and livelihoods, 2) has a structure for inclusion of and dialogue among all participants, 3) provides explicit monitoring for unintended consequences, and 4) includes system improvement over time.
From collection: Incentives for Ecosystem Services (IES) in the Himalayas
Nieves Lopez Izquierdo