Transportation, infrastructure and communication policies are key to economic growth and transition in the Western Balkans region. The transportation sector, in particular, has significant environmental implications; an efficient transportation sector would reduce the emissions of GHG and lessen impacts of air pollutions on human health. While the transportation system in South-Eastern Europe has improved in recent years, standards are still generally low, and in the region’s large, rapidly growing cities, traffic is one of the main causes of poor air quality. Among the problems contributing to inefficiencies in the transportation sector are ageing vehicles, poor vehicle maintenance, variable fuel quality, the poor condition of many roads, and frequent traffic congestion. In FYR Macedonia, BiH and Serbia, the use of leaded fuel has been reduced but not yet banned. Public transportation within and between cities is inadequate, although demand for it has grown steadily in recent years, and demand for freight transportation doubled between 2001 and 2006.
From collection: Outlook on Climate Change Adaptation in the Western Balkan Mountains
GRID-Arendal and Cartografare il Presente/Nieves Izquierdo