Climate-related natural disasters and extreme events, such as droughts, floods, and wildfires, also directly affect people’s health and well-being. Apart from the risk of being directly killed by floods, they (together with droughts) often cause population displacement, which can lead to outbreaks of infectious disease due to inadequate public health infrastructure, poor water and sanitation, overcrowding and lack of shelter (McMichael et al., 2006). Most recently, incidents of Sarcoptes scabiei (a parasitic mite that causes scabies) were reported in Tuzla Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina, following flooding events in May 2015 (Elmedina Krilasevic, personal communication, 2015). Warming temperatures are also likely to lengthen the transmission season for important vector-borne diseases (such as dengue fever) and extend their range, thereby increasing the occurrence of diseases.
From collection: Outlook on Climate Change Adaptation in the Western Balkan Mountains
GRID-Arendal and Cartografare il Presente/Nieves Izquierdo