The main domestic sources of electricity generation in the region are lignite and hydropower. Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, FYR Macedonia and Kosovo depend mainly on lignite (coal)-fired thermal hydropower plants for electricity. Albania derives almost all its electricity from hydropower. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Montenegro also have significant hydropower capacity (IEA, 2008). There is also a high level of shared energy infrastructure across countries, with extensive daily and seasonal exchanges of electricity occurring. The energy intensity (an indicator of energy efficiency) of the Western Balkans is high. This can be attributed to three main factors: the degraded state of the energy infrastructure; high energy losses during transformation, transmission and distribution; and inefficiency in the end-use sector.
From collection: Outlook on Climate Change Adaptation in the Western Balkan Mountains
GRID-Arendal and Cartografare il Presente/Nieves Izquierdo