Glaciers are some of the most sensitive indicators of climate change, as they respond rapidly to changes in temperature and precipitation. Glaciers can provide local water resources in the mountains as well as influence runoff in lowland rivers and recharge river-fed aquifers. The retreat and advance of glaciers has wide-reaching impacts and affects on natural ecosystems and human settlements through effects on water supply and water flow patterns, affecting the availability of water for hydropower generation, agriculture and ecosystems. Over time, glaciers have been responsible for shaping the landscapes of vast areas. Glacial retreat also increases the risk of GLOFs and avalanches, and ultimately contributes to sea-level rise.
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From collection: The Himalayan Climate and Water Atlas