The population of the Hindu Kush Himalayan region is approximately 210 million. The communities are largely agrarian, relying heavily on local natural resources and subsistence farming on small plots of land. Like many agrarian mountain societies, they experience high levels of poverty making them vulnerable to both rapid environmental and socioeconomic changes. Already situated in one of the poorest regions of the world, poverty in the mountains is on average 5% more severe than the national average of the respective HKH countries, with 31% of the HKH population living below the official poverty line. Only in India is the situation reversed, because of high levels of poverty in the plains of some of the north Indian states.
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From collection: The Himalayan Climate and Water Atlas