Modern biotechnology is a term adopted by international convention to refer to biotechnological techniques for the manipulation of genetic material and the fusion of cells beyond normal breeding barriers. The most obvious example is genetic engineering to create genetically modified/engineered organisms (GMOs/GEOs) through “transgenic technology” involving the insertion or deletion of genes.
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From collection: IAASTD - International assessment of agricultural science and technology for development
IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal