For violence to occur there should be someone able to extract economic profit from the situation. Access to specific natural resources is a factor that can motivate actors to use violence as means of control (diamonds, oil, timber wars) When looking at the process behind violence it is essential to identify players with an incentive for violence. They need to access resources that facilitate mobilization and expansion of violence. However, society is not powerless when confronted with conflict. Institutions, particularly political institutions and civil society can work to defuse situations, or they can fuel discontent through poor governance, corruption and inefficiency.
From collection: Environment and Security: Central Asia- Ferghana/Osh/Khujand Area
Luigi de Martino and Viktor Novikov