Another strong traditional economic sector in the Mediterranean is transport, specifically maritime transport. The Mediterranean Sea is among the world’s busiest waterways, accounting for 15 % of global shipping activity by number of calls and 10 % by vessel deadweight tonnes (dwt). More than 325.000 voyages occurred in the Mediterranean Sea in 2007, representing a capacity of 3.800 million tonnes. Almost two-thirds of the traffic was internal (Mediterranean to Mediterranean), one-quarter was semi-transit voyages of ships mainly of small size, while the remainder was transit voyages, mainly by large vessels travelling between non-Mediterranean ports through the Mediterranean’s various straits: the Straits of Gibraltar, the Straits of the Dardanelles, and the Suez Canal (data provided by REMPEC).
From collection: State of the Mediterranean Marine and Coastal Environment