The Andes continue to be a major influence on seven of South America’s fourteen countries in modern times, having left their indelible mark on the culture and language in the region. According to figures from 2012, about 44 per cent (75 million people in 2012) of the total population of the seven countries live within the Andes mountainous region (Devenish & Gianella, 2012). Spanish is spoken across all countries, and a large number of other indigenous languages are spoken across the region. For example, variations of the Quechua language, which have survived since Incan times, are spoken by about 10 million people. Indigenous languages are official languages in Peru and Bolivia, within regions of Colombia and Ecuador, and are recognised in political constitutions within Venezuela and Ecuador.
From collection: The Andean Glacier and Water Atlas