While substantial gains have been made in reducing undernourishment, with the number of people undernourished in the eight HKH countries decreasing from 598 million (1990–1992) to 414 million (2014–2016), the region is still the most food insecure in the world in absolute numbers. Just over half (52 per cent) of the world’s undernourished live in the eight HKH countries. Mountain communities are especially vulnerable to food and nutrition insecurity due to harsh climates, rough and slope terrains, poor soils, short growing seasons and low temperatures. According to a study carried out by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in 2015, the proportion of food insecure people in developing countries worldwide was approximately 13 per cent, while for mountain populations it was 39 per cent. Within the HKH region, one third to a half of children (<5years of age) suffer from stunting.
From collection: Graphics from: Outlook on climate change adaptation in the Hindu Kush Himalaya
Nieves López Isquierdo