Approximately 19,000 elephants are located within or very near conflict zones in countries with civil wars or significant unrest and armed non-state groups. Up to a maximum 15% of elephant populations are killed annually in or very near conflict zones (ca. 2,850 elephants). An estimated 100,000 elephants are located within a 500 km striking range of such areas of which approximately 5,000 elephants are killed. Within and near conflict zones non-state armed groups are responsible for killing about 90% of the elephants killed. Depending on the non-state armed groups range of illegal hunting of elephants the illegal trade in ivory provides these groups with approximately USD 3.9-12.3 million.
From collection: The Environmental Crime Crisis
Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal