At the national level, government ministries such as those responsible for water, agriculture, environment, local government, energy and health may all have a mandate to deal with some aspects of water and sanitation issues. A clear definition of institutional roles and responsibilities and a consensus on which organization leads water and sanitation programmes is required. In some countries, such as Zimbabwe, a statutory instrument is gazetted at the formation of a new government outlining the clear roles and responsibilities of each Ministry. In addition, one Ministry is mandated to take a leading role on coordination of the WASH sector and to be accountable for the sector. This involves coordination of efforts by cooperating partners and NGOs. The coordination structure also extends to the local level.
From collection: Sanitation and Wastewater Atlas of Africa - Policy and Institutional Frameworks