Migratory species: Frequent travelers
Many Arctic species, including reindeer, marine mammals and many fish and birds, have adapted to the challenges of extreme weather conditions and scarce resources by migrating between different habitats, both inside and outside the Arctic. The threats facing these species include overharvesting, habitat degradation and low population densities. Populations and migratory patterns can also be affected by pollution, invasive species and the northern expansion of southern species. Migratory species are an important ecological link between the Arctic and the rest of the world. International coordination is key to successful conservation because migratory species face threats across their whole migratory range.
Produced by: GRID-Arendal