The Direct Output Impact (DOI) from each of the west, central and southern African LME fisheries in US$
million per year. Not adjusted to Maximum Sustainable
Yield (MSY) levels. The value of fish nurseries has not been
subtracted from the total. The DOI is chosen as a measure
for comparison in Figure 17 because the BCLME study does
not examine MSY levels nor deduct for the impact of fish
nurseries (a coastal ecosystem review is not part of the study).
The GCLME and CCLME values include the IUU catch values.
Source: Sumaila (2015), Interwies and Görlitz (2013), Interwies (2011)),
Chukwuone et al. (2009).
From collection: The Socio-Economics of the West, Central and Southern African Coastal Communities