A key constraint hindering the development of the energy sector is limited finance. In addition to the economic costs of constructing dams, there is the social and environmental cost to consider. The construction of new dams means the forced relocation of communities and changes to the natural water flow which can place stress on downstream communities and countries as well as ecosystems and biodiversity (UNEP, 2014). It is crucial that new constructions take into account environmental and social sustainability and that the costs and benefits are shared equally (Niang et al., 2014).
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From collection: Sustainable Mountain Development in East Africa in a Changing Climate
Nieves Lopez Izquierdo