The sectoral chapters in this section follow a common outline to the extent that this was feasible given the material that was reviewed for each chapter. The common outline is shown in Box 6.1. The substantive material in each chapter will include a discussion of the relevant mitigation and adaptation technologies, but since the mitigation technologies, policies and measures are already discussed in the IPCC, 1996b report, and the adaptation technologies were addressed in the IPCC, 1996a report, the focus of this report will be on the barriers to the transfer of technologies within a country and between countries. To the extent technologies are not addressed in these IPCC reports, they are addressed in respective chapters. In addition, each chapter will discuss the policies, programmes, and measures that might be used to overcome these barriers.
|Box 6-1: Template for Section II: Chapters 7-15|
The discussion in each chapter is to be organised primarily by barriers and policy tools, because these are felt to be common to each sector and are not expected to vary by each technology within a sector. Since the audience for each chapter will be the many actors engaged in influencing the discussions on climate change, each chapter concludes its discussion by organising the material by the roles that these actors could play in fostering the spread of technology. The material is then condensed in an executive summary focused towards government experts providing information or themselves engaged in the negotiations on climate change.
Some of the substantive material spans across sectoral boundaries. Bioenergy, for instance, gets treated in both the energy supply and forestry chapters from different perspectives. In the energy supply chapter, the focus is on the technologies used to convert biomass into energy, while that in forestry is more towards the growing of biomass for use in generating energy. Likewise, the spread of cook-stove technologies that use biomass is covered in the buildings chapter. Technology transfer for rural energy use is treated separately in the buildings chapter.
Another topic is the manufacture of mass-produced goods, such as refrigerators and motor vehicles, which could belong in the industry chapter or in the buildings and transportation chapters respectively. The literature on improving energy efficiency of refrigerators or motor vehicles, however, is largely in the buildings and transportation sectors, and thus it is appropriate to treat the material in the two respective chapters.
Other reports in this collection