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Blue Carbon

In terms of providing protection from extreme events, coral reefs, seagrasses, mangroves and dunes, can also, in certain circumstances, provide protection against storm surges byforming barriers along coastlines. Such ecosystems can act in a similar manner to breakwaters or shallow coasts. In this way, coastal ecosystems play a role in reducing the impacts of climate change (SDG13 take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts), particularly the increased frequency of storms and sea level rise. Importantly, recent studies have also found that salt marshes can adjust to sea-level rise and can reduce coastal erosion and increase accretion, depending on a range of site-specific variables, as a part of adaptation to climate change (Fagherazzi et al., 2013; Shepard et al., 2011). For any form of publication, please include the link to this page: www.grida.no/resources/8406

Year: 2016

From collection: The Ocean and Us

Cartographer: Hisham Ashkar

Tags: Graphic Marine ecosystems Sustainable Development Goals

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