Shipbreaking – the dismantling of end-of-life vessels for the recovery of steel and other materials – takes place mainly within five countries: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, China, and Turkey. India and Bangladesh dismantle more than two-thirds of the global total of end-of-life vessels annually. End-of-life vessels are considered hazardous waste under international environmental law when they contain toxic materials, such as asbestos, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), organotins like tributyltin (TBT), and heavy metals.
From collection: Waste Crime - Waste Risks
Hisham H. Ashkar