Compared to its neighbours, Ukraine has a very low Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI) (ranking 108 out of 146 countries; Esty et al. 2005). This is primarily due to the high energy and pollution-intensity of its industry, pressure on ecosystems due to intensive agriculture, water stress on part of its territory, and insufficiently developed environmental institutions.
From collection: Environment and Security: Transforming risks into cooperation - the case of Eastern Europe
Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal