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The last musk ox (Ovibos moschatus) in Svalbard, seen in Bjørndalen 1982

Musk oxen have been reintroduced to Svalbard, but diet out again. This was the last individual seen in 1982 near Longyearbyen. The last known sighting of muskox on Svalbard was in 1985. The first reintroduction of muskox had taken place in 1929 with the release of 17 calves captured in Greenland. The herd appeared to thrive: according to reports in 1936, the herd had grown to 30, and by the mid-1960s, there were anywhere from 50 to 100. Suddenly the population declined in the 1970s and the whole group died out by 1985.

Year: 2016

From album: Arctic Biodiversity

Photographer: Peter Prokosch

Tags: fauna Mountains

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