Vital Ozone Graphics

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References

1 The Hole: A Damaged UV Shield

UNEP Ozone Secretariat (2007). Brief primer on the Montreal Protocol:
The treaty, chemicals controlled, achievements to date, and continuing challenges

D.W. Fahey (2006). Twenty questions and answers about the ozone layer: 2006 Update 2006, NASA 2006, WMO/UNEP

UNEP Ozone Secretariat (2005). Basic Facts and Data on the Science and Politics of Ozone Protection. Backgrounder for journalists

http://www.atm.ch.cam.ac.uk/tour/part1.html

2 The Culprits 1: Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS)

US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation (2007). Achievements in Stratospheric Ozone Protection. Progress Report. Washington DC

UNEP Ozone Secretariat (2007). Brief primer on the Montreal Protocol: The treaty, chemicals controlled, achievements to date, and continuing challenges

3 The Culprits 2: Temperatures, Polar Stratospheric Clouds and a Changing Climate

Environmental Investigation Agency (2006). Turning up the heat: Linkages between ozone layer depletion and climate change: The urgent case of HCFCs and HFCs

4 Consecuences and Effects 1: UV Radiation and Human Health

Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Laboratory for Radiation Research 2007.
(http://www.rivm.nl/milieuStoffen/straling/zomerthema_uv)

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) & Australasian Association of Cancer Registries (AACR)(2004). Cancer in Australia 2001. Cancer Series Number 28. Canberra: AIHW

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2005). GRIM (General Record of Incidence of Mortality) Books. Canberra: AIHW. 
(http://www.sunsmart.com.au/browse.asp?ContainerID=1752)

Jones R. R., Wigley T. (eds.) (1989). Ozone Depletion. Health and Environmental Consequences. Wiley Science Editors, New York, Chichester, Brisbane Toronto, Singapore 

Lucas R., T. McMichael, W. Smith, B. Armstrong (2006). Solar Ultraviolet Radiation. Global burden of disease from solar ultraviolet radiation. Environmental Burden of Disease Series, No. 13. World Health Organization, Geneva

Prüss-Üstün A. and C. Corvalán (2006). Preventing Disease Through Healthy Environments – Towards an estimate of the environmental burden of disease. WHO, Geneva

5 The Consecuences and Effects 2: UV Radiation and Ecosystems

Bazzaz F., W. Sombroek (1996). Global Climate Change and Agricultural Production. FAO, Rome, and John Wiley & Sons, Chichester 

Blaustein Andrew R.(not dated). Amphibian Population Declines.
In http://www.waterencyclopedia.com/A-Bi/Amphibian-Population-Declines.html

Ilyas, Mohammad (ed.) (1991). Ozone Depletion. Implications for the Tropics. University of Science Malaysia and UNEP, Nairobi 

Milchunas Daniel, King J., Mosier A., Moore J., et al. UV Radiation Effects on Plant Growth and Forage Quality in a Shortgrass Steppe Ecosystem. In Photochemistry and Photobiology(2004).
(http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3931/is_200405/ai_n9446040)

UNEP/DTIE OzonAction (2000). Methyl Bromide Alternatives for North African and Southern European Countries. Paris

Zepp R., D. Erickson, N. Paul, B.Sulzberger (2007). Interactive effects of solar UV radiation and climate change on biogeochemical cycling. In Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences. 2007 Mar;6(3):286-300

6 Mobilization 1: Environmental Diplomacy – The Montreal Protocol

Stephen O Andersen, K Madhava Sarma (2002). Protecting the Ozone Layer, the United Nations History, UNEP, Earthscan Publishing

US Environmental Protection Agency, Achievements in Stratospheric Ozone Protection, Progress report, April 2007

Sharon L. Roan (1989). The 15 year evolution of a sudden global emergency. Ozone crisis, Wiley Science Editors, New York, Chichester, Brisbane Toronto, Singapore

Benedick, Richard E (1999). The Indispensable element in the Montreal Ozone Protocol. In Earthmatters – Science & Environmental Negotiations, The Columbia Earth Institute. Fall 1999

Fahey DW (2006). Twenty questions and answers about the ozone layer: 2006 Update

UNEP Ozone Secretariat (2007). Brief primer on the Montreal Protocol: the treaty, chemicals controlled, achievements to date, and continuing challenges.

UNEP Ozone Secretariat (2007). The Montreal Protocol in 2007 – 20 Years of progress - A success in the making.

Velders G. J. M., S. O. Andersen, J.S. Daniel, D. W. Fahey, M. McFarland (2007). The importance of the Montreal Protocol in protecting the climate

7 Mobilization 2: The Multilateral Fund

Secretariat of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol (2005). Creating a real change for the environment. Brochure

8 Mobilization 3: Learning From the Montreal Protocol

Cook, Elisabeth (ed.) (1996). Ozone Protection in the United States. Elements of Success. World Resources Institute, Washington DC

Roan, Sharon L. (1989). Ozone Crisis. The 15 Year Evolution of Sudden Global Emergency. Wiley Science Editors, New York, Chichester, Brisbane Toronto, Singapore 

Simonis Udo E. Kyoto I + Montreal = Kyoto II ? Wer zu spät kommt, den bestraft das Klima. In Freitag 49, 2005.

UNEP/DTIE, INWENT, CNP+L (2006). Environmental Agreements and Cleaner Production. Questions and answers.

UNEP/DTIE, UNIDO (2002). Changing Production Patterns: Learning from the Experience of National Cleaner Production Centres

UNEP/DTIE (2004). The Cleaner Production Companion

9 Mobilization 4: Sensitization Projects

Long, Craig S. NOAA/NCEP. UV Index Forecasting Practices around the World. In SPARC Newsletter 21 - June 2003. http://www.aero.jussieu.fr/~sparc/News21/21_Long.html

World Health Organization, World Meteorological Organization, United Nations Environment Programme, International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (2002). Solar UV Index.

A Practical Guide. WHO Geneva http://www.who.int/uv/publications/en/GlobalUVI.pdf

10 Mobilization 2: Side Effects: Illegal Trade

Environmental Investigation Agency (2005). Controlling the ODS Trade; The need to strengthen licensing systems

Environmental Investigation Agency (2003). Lost in Transit; Global CFC Smuggling Trends and the Need for a Faster Phase out

Environmental Investigation Agency (2001). Under the Counter; China’s Booming Illegal Trade in Ozone Depleting Substances 

UNEP/DTIE OzonAction (2001). OzonAction Newsletter Special Supplement Number 6. Illegal Trade in Ozone Depleting Substances – is there a hole in the Montreal Protocol?
UNEP/DTIE OzonAction, Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol, Environment Canada, MOFA Finland, WCO and Current Technologies Corporation (2001). Training Manual for Customs Officers; 
Saving the Ozone Layer: Phasing out ODS in Developing Countries

UNEP/ROAP Compliance Assistance Programme(2006). Illegal trade in ODS in Asia and the Pacific.

Environmental Investigation Agency (2001). Unfinished business: The Continued Illegal Trade in Ozone Depleting Substances and the Threat Posed to the Montreal Protocol

Ozone Secretariat (2002). Study on Monitoring of International Trade and Prevention of Illegal Trade in ODS, Mixtures and Products Containing ODS (Decision XIII/12), 
http://ozone.unep.org/Meeting_Documents/oewg/22oewg/22oewg-4.e.pdf

Charles W. Schmidt. Environmental Crimes: Profiting at the earth’s expense. In Environmental Health Perspectives, Volume 112, Number 2, February 2004

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