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Vital Climate Graphics Africa

Africa has low water resources, while the global trend in river runoff points downwards

Access to water is perhaps one of the greatest challenges for Africa’s sustainable development. Global warming, growing populations and changes in land use will continue to make the situation worse.

Africa’s renewable water resources average 4050 km3/year, providing in the year 2000 an average of about 5000 m3 per capita/year, which is significantly less than the world average of 7000 m3 per capita/year (GEO3 p.158).