During the past decade, many coastal States have been engaged in peacefully establishing the limits of their maritime jurisdiction. This represents an historical milestone towards the defnition of maritime sovereignty, and presents enormous economic opportunities forcoastal States, but also brings new environmental challenges and responsibilities.
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During the past decade, many coastal States have been delineating the limits of their maritime zones. This process is defining the exact extent of the sovereignty or jurisdiction of coastal States over the seas and the oceans. The process paves the way for the application of a legal order, which will facilitate international communication, and will promote the peaceful use of the seas and oceans, the equitable and efficient utilization of their resources, the conservation of marine life, and the study, protection and preservation of the marine environment.