Environment and Security: Transforming risks into cooperation

The case of the Eastern Caspian Region
In the past, the notion of security was primarily conceived in terms of neutralizing military threats to the territorial integrity and political independence of a state. However, in recent decades, it has been considerably broadened through incorporation of non- conventional threats and factors promoting tension and conlicts.

This report considers the role and impact of environmental factors in securing hu- man safety and sustained development of the eastern Caspian Sea region, including the parts of Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan opening onto the Caspian Sea. Furthermore, the analysis presented here introduces a security perspective as it seeks to identify those environmental, socio-economic and political issues that are profoundly affecting the livelihoods of the populations and could lead to social tensions and instability.


PDF format PDF  Download   Full report - English version. (3.9 mb)


PDF format PDF  Download   Full report - Russian version. (3.9 mb) 


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