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Red-Necked Phalaropes (Phalaropus lobatus) mating, Flatøy, Iceland
The Red-necked Phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus) breeds in the Arctic regions of North America and Eurasia. It is migratory, and, unusually for a wader, winters at sea on tropical oceans.
The breeding male is a duller version of the female. The typical avian sex roles are reversed in the three phalarope species. Females are larger and more brightly coloured than males. The females pursue and fight over males, and will defend their mate from other females until the clutch is complete and the male begins incubation. The males perform all incubation and chick-rearing activities, while the females may attempt to find another mate or starts migrating south already.