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Putorana Mountains, birch forests flora, near Norilsk, North Siberia, Russia
The Putorana Mountains is a high-lying basalt plateau, a mountainous area at the northwestern edge of the Central Siberian Plateau, to the south from Taymyr Peninsula. The highest mountain in the range is Mount Kamen which stands 1,700 metres above sea level.The Putorana Nature Reserve (Zapovednik), established in 1988 and administered from Norilsk, covers some 1,887,251 hectares with a buffer zone of 1,773,300 hectares. It was set up to protect the world's largest herd of reindeer as well as snow sheep. In July 2010, the Putorana Reserve was inscribed on the World Heritage List as "a complete set of subarctic and arctic ecosystems in an isolated mountain range, including pristine taiga, forest tundra, tundra and arctic desert systems, as well as untouched cold-water lake and river systems".