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European Peacock (Inachis io) on Succisa pratensis, Froland, Aust Agder, Norway
The European Peacock (Inachis io), is a colourful butterfly, found in Europe and temperate Asia as far east as Japan. It is resident in much of its range, often wintering in buildings or trees. It therefore often appears quite early in spring. The Peacock butterfly has figured in research where the role of eye-spots as an anti-predator mechanism has been investigated. The Peacock can be found in woods, fields, meadows, pastures, parks, and gardens, and from lowlands up to 2,500 metres elevation. It is a relatively common butterfly seen in many European parks and gardens.