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Alluvial river channel, Beydaglari Coastal (Olympos) National Park, Turkey
Turkey is the only country of its size that has so many different river basins, fed by several alluvial rivers. In alluvial rivers, the bed and banks are made up of mobile sediment and/or soil. They are self-formed, meaning that their channels are shaped by the magnitude and frequency of the floods they experience, and the ability of these floods to erode, deposit, and transport sediment. Since mountainous slopes are steep, the carrying capacity of rivers is high.
The Beydaglari national park was established on March 16, 1972 by a decret of the government. It stretches over an area of 34,425 ha beginning in Sarısu, located southwest of Antalya and reaching out to Cape Gelidonya parallel to the Mediterranean Sea across the Kemer-Kumluca shoreline.
The ancient settlements Olympos, Phaselis and Idyros are situated within the national park, which lies between the shores of the ancient regions Pamphylia and Lycia.