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|Canada and the Arctic Council|
After Finland had taken the initiative for establishing 1991 the first circumpolar Arctic cooperation with the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy (AEPS), Canada initiated the follow up with the Arctic Council. 1996 in Ottawa the Council was established "as a high level forum to provide a means for promoting cooperation, coordination and interaction among the Arctic States, with the involvement of the Arctic indigenous communities and other Arctic inhabitants on common Arctic issues, in particular issues of sustainable development and environmental protection in the Arctic; oversee and co ordinate the programs established under the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy; adopt terms of reference for and oversee and coordinate a sustainable development program; and disseminate information, encourage education and promote interest in Arctic-related issues". After the first round of chairmanships of each of the 8 Arctic countries, Canada started in 2013 the second round, chairing the Arctic Council until 2015.
Available online at: http://www.arctic-council.org