The GLOBIO method was implemented to set distance impacts and disturbances generated by infrastructure development. The extent of the zone are based upon several hundred field studies from international scientific journals.
Impacts include reduced accessibility to important grazing habitat, and changes in predator-prey relationship as a result of infrastructure and associated human activity. In the advanced mode, an analysis of three different datasets was carried out:
· DCW is an old, low-resolution global dataset
· B1000 is the result of a medium-resolution co-operation in the region
· N250 is a high-resolution Norwegian map dataset
The results exist to enable the assessment of wilderness quality in the Barents Region and in a near future in the world. The database, and the maps produced from it, can be used to influence environmental decision making processes within the region. Perhaps more importantly, it can be used to motivate decisions where the need to protect, or even recreate, pristine areas is the prime issue.
The service has been developed by GRID-Arendal, and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) affiliated environmental data and information centre. GRID-Arendal, based in Norway, acts as the Arctic focus centre of UNEP, and has worked closely with several Arctic conservation and monitoring initiatives.