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Applying Montreal Protocol technology Transfer Experience to climate change

Workshop held in Bangkok, Thailand 1-3 March 1999

Nairobi, March 1999 - Enterprises and government officials from 14 countries in the Asia-Pacific region, as well as technical and policy experts from seven international organizations actively engaged in facilitating a North-South technology cooperation, participated in a landmark workshop in Bangkok (1-3 March 1999) to discuss lessons learned in technology transfer under the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.

Jointly organized by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the Asia and the Pacific Centre of the Transfer of Technology (APCTT) and the Centre for Science and Technology of the Non-Aligned and other Developing countries, this workshop provided a forum for technology recipients from developing countries and technology providers from developed countries to present their unique perspectives on the experiences and lessons learned during implementation of industrial conversion projects that replaced ozone depleting substances (e.g. chlorofluorocarbons) with ozone friendly-technologies. The projects were realized with financial and technical assistance provided by the Multilateral Fund.

Representing industries that manufacture domestic refrigerators, compressors, insulating foams, foam mattresses, aerosol sprays, electronic circuit boards and components required for car air- conditioning, the technology partners identified the challenges they faced, the elements that led to the success of the technology cooperation and the lessons learned from these experiences.

The world has for the first time experienced the technology cooperation under the financial mechanism of the Montreal Protocol. This hands-on experience of the private sector and the governments in Asia and Pacific will be useful to the Parties of the Climate Change Convention where such mechanisms are still evolving, said Prof Ogunlade Davidson, Co-Chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

It was the first time that the Co-Chairs of the leading assessment bodies from the two climate protection treaties - the Montreal Protocol's Technology and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP) and the Kyoto Protocol's IPCC - participated to synthesize the private sector experience.

1999 is a landmark in the history of the Montreal Protocol. From this year onwards the developing countries will begin to implement their commitments under the Montreal Protocol starting with a freeze in the consumption and production of CFCs in July. With over US$850 million allotted to projects in developing countries through the Multilateral Fund, close to 120,000 metric tonnes of ozone-depleting substances (ODS) are expected to be phased out. Up to 50,000 metric tonnes of ODS have already been eliminated. The Asia and Pacific region has taken a lead in adapting ozone friendly technologies from developed countries.

1999 is also a landmark in the history of the Kyoto Protocol, as this is the last year before the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) becomes operational. The CDM is designed to encourage North-South cooperation to mitigate climate change. Some of the gases which are substitutes for the ODS controlled under the Montreal Protocol are greenhouse gases whose emissions are to be controlled under the Kyoto Protocol.

The workshop culminated with a roundtable discussion chaired by Dr Steve Andersen, Co-Chair of TEAP. It discussed how to make technology transfer more successful and agreed on certain actions that would start the process of understanding the inter-related issues between the two climate protection treaties. Technology collaborators stressed the need to assess the country specific customer-requirements, training in adapting to new technologies and exchange of information on technology options before making the final decision. The conclusions and key lessons learned will be presented in the joint TEAP-IPCC workshop to be held in the Netherlands in May 1999.

(Once finalized, the report of the Bangkok workshop will be available on the UNEP TIE OzonAction Programme web page at

For more information please contact:
Mr Rajendra M. Shende,
Chief, Energy and OzonAction Unit,
Tour Mirabeau,
39-43 quai Andr, Citroen,
75739 Paris Cedex 15,
tel: +33-1 44 37 14 50, fax: +33-1 44 37 14 74,

UNEP Information Note 1999/7

Thursday 11 Mar 1999
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