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Economic output and external debt in the Southern Caucasus Economic output and external debt in the Southern Caucasus
Peacefully resolving the overriding political, economic and social concerns of our time requires a multifaceted approach, including mechanisms to address the links between the natural environment and human security. UNDP, UNEP, OSCE and NATO have joined forces in the Environment and Security (ENVSEC) Initiative to offer countries their combined pool of expertise and resources towards that aim. ENVSEC assessment of environment and security linkag...
09 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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National environment and security issues in Azerbaijan [Russian version] National environment and security issues in Azerbaijan [Russian version]
Peacefully resolving the overriding political, economic and social concerns of our time requires a multifaceted approach, including mechanisms to address the links between the natural environment and human security. UNDP, UNEP, OSCE and NATO have joined forces in the Environment and Security (ENVSEC) Initiative to offer countries their combined pool of expertise and resources towards that aim. ENVSEC assessment of environment and security linkag...
09 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Ethno-linguistic distribution in the Southern Caucasus Ethno-linguistic distribution in the Southern Caucasus
Peacefully resolving the overriding political, economic and social concerns of our time requires a multifaceted approach, including mechanisms to address the links between the natural environment and human security. UNDP, UNEP, OSCE and NATO have joined forces in the Environment and Security (ENVSEC) Initiative to offer countries their combined pool of expertise and resources towards that aim. ENVSEC assessment of environment and security linkag...
09 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Le Monde Diplomatique
3
Population density in the Southern Caucasus Population density in the Southern Caucasus
Peacefully resolving the overriding political, economic and social concerns of our time requires a multifaceted approach, including mechanisms to address the links between the natural environment and human security. UNDP, UNEP, OSCE and NATO have joined forces in the Environment and Security (ENVSEC) Initiative to offer countries their combined pool of expertise and resources towards that aim. ENVSEC assessment of environment and security linkag...
09 Mar 2006 - by Jean Radvanyi,
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Vulnerability to drought and impacts on well-being Vulnerability to drought and impacts on well-being
No data
28 Mar 2006 - by Bounford.com and UNEP/GRID-Arendal
2
Disaster preparedness and well-being Disaster preparedness and well-being
No data
28 Mar 2006 - by Bounford.com and UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Water economies, India - formal vs informal Water economies, India - formal vs informal
Formal and informal, differences and sizes in ratio - related to regulation and control, as well as market mechanisms. India compared to industrialized countries.
11 Jul 2006 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Greenhouse gas intensity of national economies Greenhouse gas intensity of national economies
The national greenhouse gas intensity measures the quantity of GHG emissions in relation to the economic output of a country and is independent of the absolute quantity of GHG emitted. Other ways to represent GHG emissions are emissions per capita or in total per country. In both cases the picture changes completely. Countries with high absolute emissions may have relatively low intensities and vice versa, as with growing economic productivity e...
05 Jan 2009 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
4
Fishing yield Fishing yield
Three-quarters of the world’s fish stocks are currently exploited to the maximum extent, if not in excess (FAO, 2000). This exploitation has had the following impacts: - A growing variety of fishery products are being exploited. Commercial fishermen are targeting progressively smaller species at lower levels of the food chain because the main predator species are being depleted. - Most of the world’s main fishing areas are close to full exploit...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
4
Benefits of marine and coastal ecosystems to human wellbeing Benefits of marine and coastal ecosystems to human wellbeing
Besides the well-known economic value of fisheries, there are several other activities generating significant revenues in coastal and marine areas. Tourism has become one of the world’s fastest growing industries, providing a significant proportion of the GDPs of many developing countries. Small island states are particularly reliant on coastal and marine tourism. In the Caribbean, for example, the industry accounts for a quarter of the total eco...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
3
Level of river fragmentation and flow regulation Level of river fragmentation and flow regulation
River fragmentation - The interruption of a river’s natural flow by dams, inter-basin transfers or water withdrawal - is an indicator of the degree to which rivers have been modified by man (Ward and Stanford, 1989, and Dynesius and Nilsson, 1994, as cited in Revenga et al., 2000). A fragmentation analysis carried out by the University of Umea and the World Resources Institute showed that, of 227 rivers assessed, 37% were strongly affected by fra...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique), March 2006
4
Public services provide cheaper water Public services provide cheaper water
By bringing water to people water resellers extend the coverage of piped water and provide a service with important benefits for households - but at a price. That price rises with distance from the utility, as defined by the number of intermediaries between the network and the end consumer. Having a regular supply of clean water piped into the household is the optimal type of provision for human development. Experience suggests that households w...
26 Jan 2009 - by GRID-Arendal
3
Human actions leading to coastal degradation Human actions leading to coastal degradation
Physical alteration and the destruction of habitats are now considered one of the most significant threats to coastal areas. Half of the world’s wetlands, and even more of its mangrove forests, have been lost over the past century to physical alterations, the major causes being accelerating social and economic development and poor-planning (UNEP, 2002). There are currently about one billion people living in coastal urban areas. It is estimated t...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique), February 2006
3
Industrial areas and seasonal zones of oxygen depleted waters Industrial areas and seasonal zones of oxygen depleted waters
This graphic illustrates the strong link between areas with high densities of industrial activity and zones of seasonally oxygen-depleted waters. There is a strong link between areas with high densities of industrial activity and zones of seasonal oxygen-depleted waters. In recent years there has been an increasing focus on treating and reducing municipal and industrial waste, and on reducing nitrogen levels in agricultural runoff. However, less...
26 Jan 2009 - by Phillipe Rekacewicz, (Le Monde diplomatique) February 2008
4
Qanat Qanat
A qanat is a water management system used to secure reliable water supply to human settlements or irrigation in semi-arid and arid regions. Probably originating in Persia, the qanat system has been adopted and developed further in large parts of Asia and Europe. Its widespread use is refected in the many names for the system and similar systems; kariz/kahan (Persian), khettara (Morocco), galeria (Spain), falaj (United Arab Emirates and Oman), ...
06 Dec 2010 - by Riccardo Pravettoni
5
Water supply and demand in Nairobi Water supply and demand in Nairobi
The bulk of water supply for Nairobi comes from Thika, Sasumua and Ruiru Dams, as well as the Kikuyu Springs. Over time water supply for the city has failed to meet demand. The current estimated water demand for Nairobi is 650 000 m3/day compared to the production of 482 940 m3/day (WRMA 2010). The difference between production and demand has been widening over time due to population growth, inadequacy of the carrying capacity of the distributio...
18 Mar 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Invasive alien plant species potential distribution Invasive alien plant species potential distribution
Alien plant species pose a major threat to South Africa’s native biodiversity. It is estimated that more than 9 000 plant species have been introduced so far. Of these, about 198 species are deemed invasive, covering 10 per cent of the country. Since the invasive plants grow by an estimated 5 per cent a year, their presence has dramatic effects on both native species and ecosystems as well as economic activities in the area. In particular, alien ...
21 Jun 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Working on Fire programme achievements Working on Fire programme achievements
The goal of the Working on Fire programme is to protect life and livelihoods and ensure a sustainable and well balanced environment. The programme is advocating and assisting with good land management strategies and an integrated fire management regime. At the same time, the programme contributes to black economic empowerment, skills development, social equity and accelerated service delivery that work towards poverty alleviation. The empowerment...
21 Jun 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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