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National unemployment rates since 1990 National unemployment rates since 1990
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows national unemployment rates since 1990.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Population trends for Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan Population trends for Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan
Output by the Central Asian economies dropped sharply after independence with subsequent fall in living conditions. Poverty is widespread, especially in rural areas. Communal services have broken down in many areas, straining relations between local authorities and the population. Only recently have some of the economies shown signs of improving, but GDP growth rates have not helped to reduce poverty and social inequality. The unemployment rates ...
16 Mar 2006 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Gross National Income (GNI) kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan Gross National Income (GNI) kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan
The rationale of the common soviet market and economic system has disappeared, forcing Central Asian states to find their own position in the global market without the support of a redistributive economy. Their geographical position landlocked between two economic and political giants, china and Russia, makes their task difficult, especially in poor countries. All three economies are predominantly agricultural. They all rely on primary exports, e...
16 Mar 2006 - by Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Poverty and unemployment in New York City Poverty and unemployment in New York City
The United States Census Bureau sets the poverty thresholds according to money income before taxes, excluding capital gains and noncash benefits, family size and number of children under 18 years old. These thresholds were developed by the Social Security Administration (SSA) in 1964, then revised by interagency committees (1969, 1981). They are adjusted each year using the annual average Consumer Price Index (CPI). For example, a single person u...
29 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Unemployment in the Caucasus ecoregion Unemployment in the Caucasus ecoregion
High unemployment is one of the driving forces behind the degradation of ecosystems in the region. Upon the break-up of the Soviet Union the situation worsened as the economy was restructured. After almost two decades the situation has improved - a number of industries successfully restarted their operations and small businesses boomed up in cities and countryside. However, the unemployment rate, especially in some provinces in Russia, Georgia an...
29 Jan 2008 - by Manana Kurtubadze
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The disappearance of the Aral Sea The disappearance of the Aral Sea
The demise of the Aral Sea in central Asia was caused primarily by the diversion of the inflowing Amu Dar’ya and Syr Dar’ya rivers to provide irrigation water for local croplands. These diversions dramatically reduced the river inflows, causing the Aral Sea to shrink by more than 50%, to lose two-thirds of its volume, and to greatly increase its salinity. At the current rate of decline, the Aral Sea has the potential to disappear completely by 20...
26 Jan 2009 - by GRIDA
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Poverty and social unrest in South Africa Poverty and social unrest in South Africa
Although the United Nations Development Programme’s (UNDP) Human Development Index ranks South Africa as a middle-income country, the way in which income is distributed across the population is highly skewed. Some 39 per cent of the population, estimated at more than 49 million people, lives on less than R 388 a month. One consequence of poverty and high levels of unemployment is social unrest. A large proportion of South Africa’s poor population...
21 Jun 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Job opportunity created per focus area Job opportunity created per focus area
The Social Responsibility Programme was initiated in 1999 under the then Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (DEAT) and represents an important part of the Environment and Culture sector of the Expanded Public Works Programme (EPWP). The programme contributes to alleviating poverty, reducing unemployment and strengthening the population’s general skill base. It aims to address the following core responsibilities of DEAT: to create job...
21 Jun 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Share of projects per focus area Share of projects per focus area
The Social Responsibility Programme was initiated in 1999 under the then Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (DEAT) and represents an important part of the Environment and Culture sector of the Expanded Public Works Programme (EPWP). The programme contributes to alleviating poverty, reducing unemployment and strengthening the population’s general skill base. It aims to address the following core responsibilities of DEAT: to create job...
21 Jun 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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