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Tag: Science

Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)
HFCs are man-made fluorinated greenhouse gases rapidly building up in the atmosphere. They are used as replacements for ozone-depleting substances (ODS) in air conditioning, refrigeration, foam-blowing, fire retardants, ...
19 Jun 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
Applicability of space technology to Arctic policy areas
This figure maps the contribution that each type of space system (communications, weather and climate, navigation, earth observation, surveillance, and science) can make to each policy area (safety, environment, sustaina...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Space Technologies and Policy Drivers
Space systems provide unique opportunities to meet the needs of northern stakeholders concerned with safety, the environment, sustainable economic development, sovereignty, and indigenous rights and social development.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Research budgets of CGIAR, Monsanto and NARS in South America
Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology (AKST) has the capacity to improve livelihoods, although effects have varied by region and social group. The ability to access and benefit from AKST is uneven, with industri...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Public and private agriculture research and development spending by region, 2000
Investments in agricultural research and development (R&D) are still growing, but the growth rate declined during the 1990s. In addition, investment trends among countries have increasingly diverged. Investment in public...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Key relationships between future challenges and agricultural knowledge, science and technology (AKST) options for action
The general model has been to continuously innovate, reduce farm gate prices and externalize costs. This model drove the phenomenal achievements of AKST in industrial countries after WWII and the spread of the Green Revo...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Back to the future: The science of building scenarios
Diagram showing four scenarios for the future each with different influences between market orientation and environmental, and regional and global. Then predictive charts show the scenarios in terms of emissions, concent...
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Melting snow on Kilimanjaro
At the February 2001 meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), researchers reported dramatic changes in the volume of ice capping the Kibo summit of Kilimanjaro.This graphic shows the est...
17 May 2005 - by Delphine Digout, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Deforestation in Rondonia (Brazil) in the nineties
The graph shows deforestation in Rondonia, Brazil. Brazil covers more than one quarter of the worlds tropical forests. Since 1980 the deforestation has steadily increased. Deforestration can occur as a result of the clea...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
IPCC and UNFCCC - Institutional framework
In 1988, UNEP and WMO jointly established the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as concern over changes in the climate became a political issue. The purpose of the IPCC was to assess the state of knowledge...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
IPCC structure
In 1988, UNEP and WMO jointly established the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as concern over changes in the climate became a political issue. The purpose of the IPCC was to assess the state of knowledge...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Share of packaging waste in total household waste (OECD)
Once a product is manufactured and ready to be sold, it must be distributed. To protect it from dirt and shocks, to make it easier to store, but also to make it look appealing, a whole science has developed to design ...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Percentage of women in labor force (total and agricultural)
Gender equity is an important part of social equity. Women and men, who often have different roles and responsibilities in households and food production, often have different relationships to the various benefits derive...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arenda
Projected gains (losses) for countries under Doha scenario for agriculture
Agricultural trade offers opportunities for developing countries to benefit from larger scale production for global markets, acquire some commodities cheaper than would be possible through domestic production, and gain a...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Major research stations in Antarctica
Antarctica is interesting for many types of researchers. For example, glaciologists study the ice and snow, while oceanographers look at the oceans. The ice, snow and oceans affect the global climate and are presently ch...
31 Jul 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
An increasing number of countries are leasing land abroad to sustain and secure their food production
The world regions are sharply divided in terms of their capacity to use science in promoting agricultural productivity in order to achieve food security and reduce poverty and hunger. For every US$100 of agricultural ...
02 Feb 2009 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Greenhouse gas emissions scenarios and surface temperature projections
Climate change manifests itself primarily through a gradual increase in the average temperatures of the earth’s surface, alterations in precipitation patterns, changes in the intensity and/or frequency of extreme climati...
22 Nov 2010 - by Nieves López Izquierdo, Associate Consultant UNEP/GRID-Arendal
research_antarcticflag_nb
About research_antarcticflag_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
research_greenland_nb
About research_greenland_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
base_climograph_nb
About base_climograph_nb
26 Nov 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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