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Zambezi River runoff Zambezi River runoff
A major impact of the construction of the Kariba and Cahora Bassa dams from 1950–1970 was the reduction in the Zambezi River runoff. Before the dam construction, the Zambezi River was torrential with high flows during the wet season from November to March and relatively low flows in the dry season from April to October. On average, the river discharged 60 to 80 per cent of its mean annual flow during wet season. Since the dams were built, the w...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Phosphate levels in major basins Phosphate levels in major basins
A comparison of the major watersheds between the two decades showed that Northern Europe and North America had lower phosphate concentrations, while the Ganges and Brahmaputra watersheds in South Central Asia had higher concentrations. Nutrient control programmes in municipal and agricultural activities may be key factors in the observed reductions in phosphate concentrations.
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Nitrate in major rivers Nitrate in major rivers
Considering the data for all the rivers at the continental level, there has been little change in nitrate (NO3-N) concentrations between the two decades under comparison. Changes in the median value were not statistically significant. European rivers showed the highest nitrate loads transported to the marine environment. Comparing data from the two decades, North American and European rivers have remained fairly stable, while major river basins i...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Industrial hot spots Tisza river basin Industrial hot spots Tisza river basin
On 30 January 2000 a tailings dam at the Aurul Mine in Romania overflowed and released 100,000 cubic metres of effluent containing cyanide into the Tisza River. By the time the overflow was detected, the alarm raised and emergency measures taken to staunch the flow, heavily contaminated wastewater had reached the Danube River and was on its way to Hungary and beyond. Traces of cyanide, albeit at a very low level, were still detected in the rive...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Tigris and Euphrates rivers fragmentation Tigris and Euphrates rivers fragmentation
It has been predicted that access to water will create conflict between countries. In Africa, central Asia, west Asia and the Americas, some countries are already arguing fiercely over access to rivers and inland seas, and confrontations could arise as water shortages grow (Gleick, 2000). Countries currently or potentially involved in international disputes over access to river water and aquifers include: - Turkey, Syria and Iraq (the Tigris and...
26 Jan 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz